White Papers

All White Papers

DOGS


AVSAB Position Statement on Breed-Specific Legislation

The American Veterinary Society of Animal Behavior (AVSAB) is concerned about the propensity of various communities’ reliance on breed-specific legislation as a tool to decrease the risk and incidence of dog bites to humans.

The AVSAB’s position is that such legislation—often called breed-specific legislation (BSL) - is ineffective, and can lead to a false sense of community safety as well as welfare concerns for dogs identified (often incorretly) as belonging to specific breeds.

Shelter Dogs as Sentinels for Trypanosoma cruzi Transmission

Chagas disease, an infection with the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi is increasingly diagnosed among humans in the southern United States. We assessed the exposure of shelter dogs in Texas to T. cruzi; seroprevalence across diverse ecoregions was 8.8%. Canine serosurveillance is a useful tool for public health risk assessment.

A Healthier Respect for Ovaries

In summary, we found female Rottweilers who kept their ovaries for at least 6 years were 4.6 times more likely to reach exceptional longevity (i.e. live >30 % longer than average) than females with the shortest ovary exposure. Our results support the notion that how long females keep their ovaries determines how long they live.

AVMA: Mandatory spay/neuter a bad idea

The AVMA does not support regulations or legislation mandating spay/neuter of privately owned, non-shelter dogs and cats. Although spaying and neutering helps control dog and cat populations, mandatory approaches may contribute to pet owners avoiding licensing, rabies vaccination and veterinary care for their pets, and may have other unintended consequences.

Golden Retriever Study Suggests Neutering Affects Dog Health

Neutering, and the age at which a dog is neutered, may affect the animal’s risk for developing certain cancers and joint diseases, according to a new study of golden retrievers by a team of researchers at the University of California, Davis.

Health and Behavior Problems in Dogs and Cats After Adoption from Animal Shelter

To characterize health and behavior problems in dogs and cats 1 week and 1 month after adoption from animal shelters and identify factors associated with the likelihood that owners of adopted animals would visit a veterinarian.

Rabid Puppy Imported Into Vermont Shelter

Following the importation of a rabid puppy into Vermont and in anticipation of the upcoming holiday season when many Vermonters may be taking steps to add new animal members to their families, the
Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Vermont Department of Health and the Vermont Veterinary Medical Association urge Vermonters to exercise due diligence when adopting a new dog or cat…

Rabies in a Dog Imported from Iraq—New Jersey, June 2008

Rabies in a Dog Imported from Iraq—New Jersey, June 2008

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5739a3.htm

Puerto Rican Dog Import Tragedy

More than 100 dogs from Puerto Rico died in Florida after being sent there for adoption, most from distemper and parvovirus. They were to be offered for adoption in several PetSmart stores as part of an adoption contest. Winners of the contest would receive $100,000 and a second grant of $25,000 to be awarded to the shelter with largest adoption participation.

The Bushnell FL Incident 2010

An in-depth report on the Puerto Rican Dog Import Tragedy, where more than 100 dogs died in Florida after being sent there for adoption.

Society for Theriogenology Position on Mandatory Spay-Neuter in the Canine and Feline

The Boards of Directors of the Society for Theriogenology and the American College of Theriogenologists explain their opposition to mandatory spay-neuter, and why they believe thee decision to spay or neuter a pet must be made on a case by case basis, taking into consideration the pet’s age, breed, sex, intended use, household environment and temperament.

For those interested in researching this topic themselves, there is an extensive list (eight pages!) of valuable references included.

Lifetime ovary exposure and exceptional longevity in dogs

Exploring mechanisms of sex differences in longevity: lifetime ovary exposure and exceptional longevity in dogs

Aging Cell, September 2009.


David J. Waters1,2, Seema S. Kengeri1, Beth Clever1, Julie A. Booth1, Aimee H. Maras1, Deborah L. Schlittler1, and Michael G. Hayek3

1 Center for Exceptional Longevity Studies, Gerald P. Murphy Cancer Foundation, West Lafayette, IN, USA
2 The Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences and The Center on Aging and the Life Course, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
3 P&G Pet Care, Lewisburg, OH, USA

Importation of dogs into the United States: risks from rabies and other zoonotic diseases

J. H. McQuiston, T. Wilson, S. Harris, R. M. Bacon, S. Shapiro, I Trevino, J. Sinclair, G. Galland, and N. Marano, 2008

Understanding Animal Companion Surplus in the United States: Relinquishment of Nonadoptables to Anim

2001
by Philip H. Kass, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California; John C. New, Jr., College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee; Janet M. Scarlett, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University; Mo D. Salman, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University

Characteristics of Shelter-Relinquished Animals and Their Owners Compared With Animals and Their Own

2000 by John C. New, Jr., College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee; M. D. Salman and Mike King, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University; Janet M. Scarlett, New York State College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University; Philip H. Kass, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California—Davis; Jennifer M. Hutchison, Joondalup, Western Australia, Australia

Border Puppies and Public Health, LA County Veterinary Public Health, “Puppy Mills go Global”

Puppy mills go global ( Winter, 2009/2010)

Determining the Best Age at which to Spay or Neuter: An Evidence -Based Analysis

by Margaret Root-Kustritz, DVM PhD, University of Minnesota, Discoveries (Spring, 2008)

Australian Veterinary Association position on mandatory spay/neuter

Position paper opposing mandatory spay/neuter based on US and Australian outcomes. Instead of failed policy, Australian veterinarians recommend voluntary spay/neuter and emphasis on dealing with unowned cat population. (December, 2007)

The Long Term Effects of Spay/Neuter in Dogs

This researched paper offers a retrospective look at the long-term health effects of sterilizing dogs and includes a very thorough bibliography referencing scientific research papers on the topic. (May, 2007)

Smuggled Puppies a Concern to California

June/July 2006
U.S. Customs and Border Protection; Elysa Cross, Public Affairs Specialist

Rates of Euthanasia and Adoptions for Dogs and Cats in Michigan Animal Shelters

Paul C. Bartlett, Michigan State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Andrew Bartett, Michigan State University, Sally Walshaw, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, Stephen Halstead, State Veterinarian, Michigan Dept. of Agriculture: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 8 (2), 97 -104 Copyright 2005, Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc., Inc.

A Community Approach to Dog Bite Prevention

American Veterinary Medical Association: Task for on Canine Aggression and Human-Canine Interaction. (June, 2001)

Cornell study of tethering versus pen confinement

2001
Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science

HORSES


The Unintended Consequences of a Ban on Humane Horse Slaughter (processing) in the United States

Produced by the Animal Welfare Council: May 15, 2006

CATTLE


Recombinant Bovine Somatotropin (rbST): A Safety Assessment

by Drs. Richard Raymond, Connie W. Bales, Dale E. Bauman, David Clemmons, Ronald Kleinman, Dante Lanna, Stephen Nickerson, and Kristen Sejrsen; American Dairy Science Association, Canadian Society of Animal Science, and the American Society of Animal Science (July 2009, updated March 2010).