All White Papers
Non-reproductive Effects of Spaying and Neutering on Behavior in Dogs
Although there are scattered reports in the literature of apparently adverse effects of spaying and neutering on canine behavior, there are very few quantitative studies and most of these have employed behavioral measures of unknown reliability and validity…
Deborah L. Duffy, Ph.D., and James A. Serpell, Ph.D., Center for the Interaction of Animals and Society, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
Behavioral and Physical Effects of Spaying and Neutering Domestic Dogs (Canis familiaris)
Behavioral and Physical Effects of Spaying and Neutering Domestic Dogs (Canis familiaris)
Spaying and neutering domestic dogs is generally accepted as a relatively benign procedure conducted on millions of dogs each year. The view of spaying and neutering as benign and perhaps even beneficial to dogs has been based on extremely limited scientific study of how gonadectomy affects dog behavior and physiology…
Parvene Farhoody & M. Christine Zink
2010, Hunter College
Veterinary Medicine and Science: Leptospira interrogans, Toxoplasma gondii and Trypanosoma cruzi
Serological survey of Leptospira interrogans, Toxoplasma gondii and Trypanosoma cruzi in free roaming domestic dogs and cats from a marginated rural area of Yucatan Mexico
Antonio Ortega-Pacheco, Eugenia Guzmán-Marín, Karla Y. Acosta-Viana, Ignacio Vado-Solís, Bertha Jiménez-Delgadillo, Maria Cárdenas-Marrufo,Carlos Pérez-Osorio, Marilyn Puerto-Solís, and Matilde Jiménez-Coello
2017, Veterinary Medicine and Science
Gonadectomy effects on the risk of immune disorders in the dog: a retrospective study - BMC 2016
Gonadectomy is one of the most common procedures performed on dogs in the United States. Neutering has been shown to reduce the risk for some diseases although recent reports suggest increased prevalence for structural disorders and some neoplasias. The relation between neuter status and autoimmune diseases has not been explored…
Original link: http://bmcvetres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12917-016-0911-5
Canine Brucella Imported to Alberta, Canada from Southern US and Mexico Rescue Dogs
Brucella canis, an infectious disease rarely diagnosed in Alberta has been identified in dogs imported from the Southern US /Mexico region to the Calgary area. A team from University of Calgary Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (UCVM) is leading a group of experts to define the problem and provide guidelines for managing animals who have tested positive or who have been exposed to dogs carrying Brucella canis.
APHIS Regulations on the Importation of Live Dogs for Resale
This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510.
Human and Animal Factors Related to the Relinquishment of Dogs and Cats
Human and Animal Factors Related to the Relinquishment of Dogs and Cats in 12 Selected Animal Shelters in the United States
M. D. Salman; College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
John G. New, Jr.; College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee
Janet M. Scarlett; New York State College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
Philip H. Kris; School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California at Davis
Rebecca Ruch-Gallie and Suzanne Hetts; College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
AVSAB Position Statement on Breed-Specific Legislation
The American Veterinary Society of Animal Behavior (AVSAB) is concerned about the propensity of various communities’ reliance on breed-specific legislation as a tool to decrease the risk and incidence of dog bites to humans.
The AVSAB’s position is that such legislation—often called breed-specific legislation (BSL) - is ineffective, and can lead to a false sense of community safety as well as welfare concerns for dogs identified (often incorretly) as belonging to specific breeds.
Shelter Dogs as Sentinels for Trypanosoma cruzi Transmission
Chagas disease, an infection with the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi is increasingly diagnosed among humans in the southern United States. We assessed the exposure of shelter dogs in Texas to T. cruzi; seroprevalence across diverse ecoregions was 8.8%. Canine serosurveillance is a useful tool for public health risk assessment.
A Healthier Respect for Ovaries
In summary, we found female Rottweilers who kept their ovaries for at least 6 years were 4.6 times more likely to reach exceptional longevity (i.e. live >30 % longer than average) than females with the shortest ovary exposure. Our results support the notion that how long females keep their ovaries determines how long they live.
AVMA: Mandatory spay/neuter a bad idea
The AVMA does not support regulations or legislation mandating spay/neuter of privately owned, non-shelter dogs and cats. Although spaying and neutering helps control dog and cat populations, mandatory approaches may contribute to pet owners avoiding licensing, rabies vaccination and veterinary care for their pets, and may have other unintended consequences.
Golden Retriever Study Suggests Neutering Affects Dog Health
Neutering, and the age at which a dog is neutered, may affect the animal’s risk for developing certain cancers and joint diseases, according to a new study of golden retrievers by a team of researchers at the University of California, Davis.
Health and Behavior Problems in Dogs and Cats After Adoption from Animal Shelter
To characterize health and behavior problems in dogs and cats 1 week and 1 month after adoption from animal shelters and identify factors associated with the likelihood that owners of adopted animals would visit a veterinarian.
Rabid Puppy Imported Into Vermont Shelter
Following the importation of a rabid puppy into Vermont and in anticipation of the upcoming holiday season when many Vermonters may be taking steps to add new animal members to their families, the
Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Vermont Department of Health and the Vermont Veterinary Medical Association urge Vermonters to exercise due diligence when adopting a new dog or cat…
Puerto Rican Dog Import Tragedy
More than 100 dogs from Puerto Rico died in Florida after being sent there for adoption, most from distemper and parvovirus. They were to be offered for adoption in several PetSmart stores as part of an adoption contest. Winners of the contest would receive $100,000 and a second grant of $25,000 to be awarded to the shelter with largest adoption participation.
Society for Theriogenology Position on Mandatory Spay-Neuter in the Canine and Feline
The Boards of Directors of the Society for Theriogenology and the American College of Theriogenologists explain their opposition to mandatory spay-neuter, and why they believe thee decision to spay or neuter a pet must be made on a case by case basis, taking into consideration the pet’s age, breed, sex, intended use, household environment and temperament.
For those interested in researching this topic themselves, there is an extensive list (eight pages!) of valuable references included.
Lifetime ovary exposure and exceptional longevity in dogs
Exploring mechanisms of sex differences in longevity: lifetime ovary exposure and exceptional longevity in dogs
Aging Cell, September 2009.
David J. Waters1,2, Seema S. Kengeri1, Beth Clever1, Julie A. Booth1, Aimee H. Maras1, Deborah L. Schlittler1, and Michael G. Hayek3
1 Center for Exceptional Longevity Studies, Gerald P. Murphy Cancer Foundation, West Lafayette, IN, USA
2 The Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences and The Center on Aging and the Life Course, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
3 P&G Pet Care, Lewisburg, OH, USA
Understanding Animal Companion Surplus in the United States: Relinquishment of Nonadoptables to Anim
by Philip H. Kass, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California; John C. New, Jr., College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee; Janet M. Scarlett, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University; Mo D. Salman, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
Characteristics of Shelter-Relinquished Animals and Their Owners Compared With Animals and Their Own
2000 by John C. New, Jr., College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee; M. D. Salman and Mike King, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University; Janet M. Scarlett, New York State College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University; Philip H. Kass, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Californiaâ€”Davis; Jennifer M. Hutchison, Joondalup, Western Australia, Australia
Australian Veterinary Association position on mandatory spay/neuter
Position paper opposing mandatory spay/neuter based on US and Australian outcomes. Instead of failed policy, Australian veterinarians recommend voluntary spay/neuter and emphasis on dealing with unowned cat population. (December, 2007)
Rates of Euthanasia and Adoptions for Dogs and Cats in Michigan Animal Shelters
Paul C. Bartlett, Michigan State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Andrew Bartett, Michigan State University, Sally Walshaw, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, Stephen Halstead, State Veterinarian, Michigan Dept. of Agriculture: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 8 (2), 97 -104 Copyright 2005, Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc., Inc.
Recombinant Bovine Somatotropin (rbST): A Safety Assessment
by Drs. Richard Raymond, Connie W. Bales, Dale E. Bauman, David Clemmons, Ronald Kleinman, Dante Lanna, Stephen Nickerson, and Kristen Sejrsen; American Dairy Science Association, Canadian Society of Animal Science, and the American Society of Animal Science (July 2009, updated March 2010).